The program on the environmental policy of the mining sector
Based on the analysis of the Russian and international experience in solving social and environmental problems, related to the mining industry[1,2,3], WWF experts have prepared a project «Main Features of the Policy of Environmental and Social Responsibility of Mining Companies» aimed at reducing possible risks and negative consequencies in the development of mineral deposits.
In the structure of the document there are two major units: environmental and social, each of which includes specific obligations of companies grouped according to thematic sections.
The sections of the environmental unit include:
- identification of high natural conservation value areas that are closed for development;
- environmental impact assessment;
- rational nature management and introduction of
- prevention and minimization of negative impact;
- waste management and recultivation;
- implementation of specific environmental initiatives.
The social unit covers the following issues:
- taking into account the interests of the local population and the rights of indigenous peoples in the development of deposits;
- the participation of all the parties interested in
- social guarantees and compensations;
- transparency of environmental information and public control.
The environmental and social units are combined by the guiding principles of responsible business — the main provisions of the corporate policy that the company plans to follow.
«The main provisions» are a purely voluntary initiative, complementing the existing approaches to regulation but not replacing the existing Russian and international environmental legislation.
On the basis of this document, on the initiative of WWF Russia, in partnership with the environmental NGOs of the country and with the support of the UNDP/ GEF and the Nature Ministry’s project «Biodiversity Conservation Challenges in Russia’s Energy Sector Policies and Programs», a rating methodology has been developed for the environmental responsibility of mining companies operating on the territory of Russia. At the first stage, at the end of 2015 — the first half of 2016, the draft methodology was discussed with the parties concerned, including mining companies. At the second stage, the methodology is tested (pilot rating calculation) and is finally approved.
You can download the document describing the methodology of the rating in the column on the right.
Send your questions and comments on the rating methodology to the following address: firstname.lastname@example.org.